Unlike the Imperial system, which uses many different units for the same quantity, the metric system uses a single base unit for each type of measurement. Imperial system , Mercury, Water, Atmosphere. Visit and sign up for a free 45 day trial of their online conferencing service. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. We found out that the is really just a fancy word for the number 1. Decimal points can sometimes look just like a period that might mean the end of a sentence. Well, we knew that, but i wanted to show you how to do it systematically, so that when things get harder you will know what to do! I already measured it as 18.
Yes, I know you usually have the name of something in the first column, but you're going to learn a metric conversion trick, and it works best if the chart looks like this. Keep reading to learn a handy mnemonic for remembering metric prefixes! Circular Measure Common, Nautical, Artillery. Especially if you travel internationally, you'll need to understand kilometers and meters so you can find your way around. Kilograms, Ounces, Pounds, Troy Pounds, Stones, Tons, Carats and more. A megabyte is one million bytes, just as a mega-liter is one million liters.
For fun, lie down on your back and have a friend mark your reach. Whether you want to travel internationally, start a career in science, or just connect more with the rest of the world, one of the first steps you can take is to understand the metric system. The hectare is well established in agriculture. For example, maybe you work at a store 12 kilometers from your house. What I can do is to remember that, more sensibly, five miles equals eight kilometres and to use a trick an uncle taught me on an early drive through France. When to Multiply or Divide Aside from remembering how many centimeters are in a meter or how many kilometers are in a mile, the other tricky part of converting is knowing whether to multiply or divide with the conversion number.
But we aren't finished yet. Since you may be learning this trick in a science classroom, you are also learning the behavior of a scientist. I need a sharp pencil to gather the lengths of many things in the classroom. The metric system has a variety of units of measurement - you have probably heard of meters which measure distance and grams which measure mass , etc. Some of the units listed above are only used by school teachers to torture their students. Not sure how old your daughter is, but if she is over eight, I think she should be able to have a good go at these herself.
By the time they have finished finding the metric answer, those centimeters are not quite so intimidating. Double back again and we get to 144. Next, let's look at an example showing the work and calculations that are involved in converting from metric tons to short tons t to T. Multiply to convert larger units to smaller units. It's the quick and easy way to convert measurements from one unit to another.
The base unit tells you what kind of measure you're making. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. If you learn a second language, you can learn by translating words and phrases from the second language into your first language, but to really understand the second language you have to learn to think in that language also. For example, there are 12 inches in a foot. Celsius, Fahrenheit, Rankine, Reaumur, and Kelvin and more. By the way, if dkl, dkg, etc appear in homework problems, whack the teacher upside the head.
However, you still form larger and smaller units using prefixes in reference to a gram. A Picture is Worth a Thousand Words The friendly face at the beginning of this post is more than just a picture. Find metric measures for familiar distances. It doesn't even help in converting square feet to acres. New units can be added if needed, feel free to. Because of this, converting within metric measurements is usually as easy as multiplying or dividing a given measurement by a power of 10 to find the new value, or, as a shortcut, simply moving its decimal point.
However, I usually keep the focus on the students themselves. Litres per 100 km, Miles per gallon, Gallons per 100 miles and more. Another name for metric ton is tonne. Working with metric units is easy. Fine, if you have a calculator… If not, then the method is to multiply your gallons by nine then halve it.
Look at your line of prefixes. Suppose you want to convert 7 meters into feet. I have students measure their hands using metric units, and then they see how many hands it takes to measure a familiar object, like the height of the classroom door. The metric system is common throughout the scientific and professional community and is the standard in most of Europe, yet the general public in the United States and the U. This line gives you a simple visual reference for how your units relate - whether the units you want are larger or smaller than the units you have, and how much larger or smaller they are. What is a short ton T? Metric Unit Conversions This page, though presented in language directed at a student, is intended to be read and used by an instructor, working at an appropriate pace in a classroom, helping students understand the trick involved.
This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. Most people memorize a few conversions to get by. Learn the order of the prefixes. You already have the word meters in the numerator to make this clear, place 1 in the denominator , so use the fraction that puts 1 meter in the denominator: Now cancel out the unit that appears in both the numerator and denominator: At this point, the only value in the denominator is 1, so you can ignore it. And don't forget to bookmark this site before you leave. Six goes into 90 fifteen times.